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"And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him." (Gen.22:2-3)
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HOME CALL
Br. Samuel Babu, Believers Brethren Assembly, (BBA), Majlis - Bahrain For the last few days, we have been relentlessly praying for Br. Samuel Babu, who suffered Cardiac Problems and was admitted in Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain. It was well pleasing for our Lord to call HIS child to the Eternal Home, where there is no pain, no sorrow, no tears, no sickness and no death. He went to be with the LORD around 10:30 PM Bahrain Time today (Friday 23rd 2015). Let us uphold the grieving family members to the Throne of Grace. May the Lord bestow upon them heavenly Grace, Peace and strength and console them with the word of God.
 
 
 
BIBLE & SCIENCE

IMPLICATIONS OF CLONING 

  Dr. Johnson C. Philip

Chapter - 6 

CONCLUSION

The race for making human clones is on, and that also with full speed. Though many countries have announced a ban upon reproduction-related research, this is only a veiled attempt at concealing what is going on.  

None of the countries that made such announcements have cut off funds already allocated for such research. It is estimated that such funds already allocated now amount to billions of dollars. Even if a ban is placed upon allocation of new funds, these billions of dollars would be sufficient to sustain research for several years. By that time either there will be new breakthroughs, or there will be such changes so that they will keep supporting the work even after the deadline is over. This has happened many times in scientific would, and it will happen again.  

Most lay people do not understand the way in which scientific research operates today. It is not a straightforward affair. Rather, today's science is an alliance between scientists, politicians, and the business establishment. Plenty of commercial interests are at stake. Thus in spite of all talk to the contrary, human cloning experiments will continue either openly or secretly.  

In all possibility, human cloning would succeed in AD 2000s. This will pose many new social, spiritual and ethical problems. The society is not ready to face these problems. Thus it would be necessary for each one of us to begin developing our awareness into these things now itself.  

If successfully cloned, these clones would give rise to many spiritual and ethical problems. At the same time they would need to be evangelized and introduced to Jesus as their personal Saviour.  

Since cloning is a process of developing life from pre-existing life, in cloning man has NOT created life. Nor has he displaced God. Rather, he has used certain definite principles of nature to do these things. In doing so he has been crossing boundaries, but this does not mean that man has displaced God.  

Of course each violation of boundaries set by God should make us realize that things would not go on indefinitely like this. The end is approaching fast.

  

APPENDIX

Question: Will they ever be able to clone humans ? I do not believe they will?  

Answer: The world is full of people who do not believe in possible technical breakthroughs. They do so because of a number of reasons including religious reasons and just plain skepticism. However, this is not the way in which one should approach science and technology.  

The last 500 years of modern science is full of people who did not believe that this thing or that thing can be done. Even before that, people thought that traveling is not possible to remote ends of the earth because then they would fall into the abyss. However Columbus, Marco Polo, and many other adventuring persons proved all this to be wrong.  

In the last century there were many who firmly believed that man would not be able to fly in the air using machines. In fact the Wright brothers were born into a family where their father used to preach that man would never be able to fly. Then there was the case of heart transplantation about which many said it would not be possible because they considered the heart to the seat of a person's soul.  

As recently as in the late sixties many Christian magazines carried articles claiming that man would never be able to land on moon. Many of them went to great lengths to give the reasons, only to be silenced when Apollo-11 helped man to land upon moon.  

Hundreds (nay, thousands) of such cases have shown that it is foolish to speculate on what man would be or would not be able to do in the physical world. What is important is to think about the consequences of new discoveries and inventions once they are here. Such discussion is important particularly when the research is related to subjects raising moral and ethical issues. This is exactly what we have been doing in this book.  

Question: Have scientists already created Human clones ?  

Answer: There is at least one claim by David Rorvik that human cloning has already been done successfully. In his book titled IN HIS IMAGE, he claims that a wealthy American was able to produce a clone of himself in December 1976. However, at that time people reacted violently against the possibility of human cloning, and thus he kept much of the information secret. Yet since the book was published by one of the most respected medical book publishers, there is reason to believe that there is some truth in Rorvik's claims.  

Even if the Rorvik's claim is false, plenty of researchers believe that the first human clone would be delivered before AD 2000, provided governments do not ban this kind of work. Further, another kind of human cloning is already taking place. Here a single fertilized human cell is divided into two after cell-multiplication, producing identical twins. Researches at the George Washington University in USA did this successfully in 1993. Thus it seems to be only a matter of time before they succeed in cloning humans from mature cells.  

Question: Won't the human clones be soul-less animals or monsters ?  

Answer: I have been hearing many people claiming that clones would not have souls. This is just an overreaction on the part of some. The same kind of overreaction has been seen during major medical breakthroughs.  

For example, some decades ago when the first human heart transplantation took place in South Africa, people came up with all kinds of theories. Some said that since human heart is the seat of life, changing heart is like changing the soul of the person.  

In fact, when white people were given hearts from black people, many thought that this would manifest in the recipient behaving like a black man. They were disappointed. History teaches us not to jump to conclusions about things that are not known. There are plenty of things known about cloning, and we would better spend our time discussing those known things, as has been done in this book.  

The precise way in which human soul is passed on to an embryo is not mentioned in the Scriptures. Science is totally silent on this matter because it cannot handle anything that is non-material. The best attitude is to believe that since the clone comes from a living person (or two living persons), it would definitely be human and will have a human soul.  

In the case of test-tube fertilization also, people initially had the same doubts about the humanness of these people. But now we know that being taken from living humans, test tube babies are also human. In the same way, if human clones are produced, the human clones also will be real human beings because they come from living humans. They would surely have souls, and they would need to be saved by accepting Jesus as their personal Saviour.  

As far as claims about them being brutish like animals or about them being monsters, we can know the truth only after humans are successfully cloned, and only after many of these clones grow up. Of course since cloning involves a lot of interference with the processes kept by God in nature, there is every possibility that many of the clones would have physical limitations, deformities, or abnormalities. We have discussed some of these possibilities in chapters on Implications of Cloning.  

Question: Are human clones grown inside laboratory machines ?  

Answer: No. Many people have this misunderstanding that test tube babies and human clones (of future) are grown in laboratory machines. No such machine has ever been made, and no knowledgeable person would even suggest the possibility of doing this.  

More than 50 years of research has not yet been successful in making an artificial heart. True, there are compact heart machines, but these are still machines and cannot be placed inside a person for replacing his heart. The uterus and the placenta needed to sustain a growing fetus for nine months are hundreds of times more complex than the human heart.  

Thus if technology has not yet come to a level where it can manufacture an artificial heart, then an artificial uterus is beyond the remotest imagination. Consequently, neither the so-called test-tube babies, nor the predicted human clones are grown in laboratory machines. They are grown for nine months inside women who are called "surrogate" mothers.  

A surrogate mother is a woman who carries someone else's child in her uterus for nine months. While in many cases this is done for the noble purpose of helping a childless couple, surrogate motherhood is now gradually becoming a lucrative business for women in financial need. In the last five years many Indian magazines have been publishing classified advertisement seeking surrogate mothers. The advertisements are placed by wealthy couples who are unable to conceive or to give birth due to numerous reasons. However, now a new breed of rich people are emerging where women do not want to pass through pregnancy so as to keep their bodies sexually attractive, or for a number of other such selfish reasons. Such people often "rent" the services of a surrogate mother who conceives, delivers, and hands over the child to those who hire her services.  

The way in which surrogate motherhood is being exploited for man's sinful and selfish desires confirms what has been said in chapters five and six that the harmful potential of reproductive technologies is very much. Today there are direct advertisements seeking surrogate mothers, tomorrow there will be agencies who handle this kind of work for a commission. In fact several Indian magazines have alleged that many people are already luring healthy and young girls from poor families for this kind of jobs. With the need and greed for money increasing in our nation, it would not be surprising to find large number of young girls employed into this kind of a profession.  

Since cloning cannot take place without surrogate mothers, and since many industries are interested in mass cloning of humans, it should not surprise anyone if the prediction in the above paragraphs come true in front of our own eyes.  

Question: What is the solution ?  

Answer: There is no easy way in which technological developments can be halted. They will be pushed forward by man's greed for gain. At the same time, they are steps in the fulfillment of Bible prophecies.  

Thus instead of trying to stop such progress directly, it would be better for believers to create an awareness about these things. This would partially slow down the race to destruction, while at the same time it will help many from falling into the unethical clutches of the newer technologies that manipulate human life.   

 
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