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"And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him." (Gen.22:2-3)
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Br. Samuel Babu, Believers Brethren Assembly, (BBA), Majlis - Bahrain For the last few days, we have been relentlessly praying for Br. Samuel Babu, who suffered Cardiac Problems and was admitted in Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain. It was well pleasing for our Lord to call HIS child to the Eternal Home, where there is no pain, no sorrow, no tears, no sickness and no death. He went to be with the LORD around 10:30 PM Bahrain Time today (Friday 23rd 2015). Let us uphold the grieving family members to the Throne of Grace. May the Lord bestow upon them heavenly Grace, Peace and strength and console them with the word of God.



Dr. Saneesh Cherian

The ancient people used various kinds of materials for writing. Writing and keeping records are very common before and during the time of Moses. The people knew writing even before 3500 B.C. following are the common materials used for writing:

1.Stone: The carved stones were used for keeping records (This was common in Egypt and Babylon). A substantial part of Hebrew O.T. was found as inscribed in stones.

2.Clay Tablets: It is evident from archaeological discoveries done in Assyria and Babylon that clay tablets were common writing material during that time. Clay Tablets were engraved with sharp instruments when it is tender and then dried making it a permanent record. This was cheap and durable. These tablets were rectangular in shape.

3.Wooden Tablets: In Greece this was the common material for writing. These inscriptions were traced out from Egypt and Palestine.

4. Animal Skins: During 2550-2450 B.C. the use of animal skin became popular and widespread. Carefully cured skins of sheep or goats were sewed together to make the rolls of varied sizes.

5. Parchment: Parchment is a name given to prepared skins of sheep, goats, antelopes and other animals. These skins were shaved and shaped in order to produce more durable writing surface. Paul instructed Timothy to bring Parchments 2 Tim 4:13.

6. Vellum: Vellum is the name conferred to the writing material made of calfskin. The writing on dyed vellum was usually in gold or silver letters. Vellum was used for making material for writing New Testament copies for over 1000 years.

7. Papyrus: By second and third century A.D, the skin roll gave way to papyrus. This is a plant used for making material for writing. This plant grew in abundance along the Nile Delta in Egypt as also in the shallow lakes of Syria. It still grows in Israel. During the end of first century and the beginning of second century A.D papyrus roll was replaced by papyrus codex. A papyrus codex is similar to that of a book, which is more convenient for using.

8. Paper: The use of paper is also traced back in the history of China. Chinese used paper as early as second century B.C. The secret came to light only when the Arabs captured some Chinese prisoners who were skilled in the making of paper in the 8th century. Wax tablets, Potsherd, gold, silver, copper, lead, bone, and linen were also used for writing but was not significant.

Writing Instruments

1. Chisel - An iron instrument to engrave stones

2. Metal Stylus - A three sided instrument with a leveled head, the stylus was used to make incursions or inscriptions into clay tablets.

3. Pen - Reed pen was used for writing on Papyrus about 6 - 16 inches in length.

4. Ink - Was usually a compound of Charcoal, gum and water.

Courtesy: http://biblesurvey.net/  


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